WHY IS ABUTEROL(Sulbotamol Sulfate) USED?
Albuterol is a prescription drug. It’s available as an inhalation suspension, nebulizer solution, inhalation powder, immediate-release tablet, extended-release tablet, or oral syrup. Albuterol inhalation suspension isn’t available as a generic drug. It’s only available as the brand-name drugs ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, and Proventil HFA. To help treat asthma symptoms, albuterol may be taken as part of a combination therapy with inhaled corticosteroids, long-acting beta agonists, and bronchodilators. This drug is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm, which is tightening and swelling of the muscles around the airways. It’s used in people with asthma (reversible obstructive airway disease). It’s also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm.
Brand: ProAir HFA
Form: Inhalation aerosol (used in a metered dose inhaler)
Strengths: 8.5 g/200 actuations Brand: Ventolin HFA
Form: Inhalation aerosol (used in a metered dose inhaler) Strengths:
18 g/200 actuations
8 g/60 actuations
Brand: Proventil HFA
Form: Inhalation aerosol (used in a metered dose inhaler)
Strengths: 6.7 g/200 actuations
HOW DOES IT WORK?
Albuterol is a type of bronchodilator drug. It works by dilating the airways, making it easier to breathe for people who experience bronchospasm, or tightening of the airways. Albuterol sulfate (AccuNeb) is a liquid form of this medication. A nebulizer is a machine that turns liquid medicine into a fine mist. A person breathes this mist through a mouthpiece or face mask. These devices can make it easier to administer medications to a child. However, some younger children may find wearing a mask distressing, causing them to cry. This will make the nebulizer less effective. Nebulizers come in different shapes and sizes, with some bulkier than others. Some are battery powered and others come with a power cord. People may notice some nebulizers are noisier than others.
You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to albuterol. You should not use ProAir RespiClick if you are allergic to milk proteins. Albuterol may increase the risk of death or hospitalization in people with asthma, but the risk in people with obstructive airway disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not known. To make sure albuterol inhalation is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have: heart disease, high blood pressure, congestive heart failure; a heart rhythm disorder; a seizure disorder such as epilepsy; diabetes; overactive thyroid; or low levels of potassium in your blood. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known whether albuterol will harm an unborn baby. However, having uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy may increase the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, or eclampsia (dangerously high blood pressure that can lead to medical problems in both mother and baby). The benefit of preventing bronchospasm may outweigh any risks to the baby.
HOW TO USE?
Use albuterol inhalation exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not use albuterol inhalation in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended. Read all patient information, medication guides, and instruction sheets provided to you. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. You may need to prime your albuterol inhaler device before the first use. Your medicine comes with directions for priming if needed. You may also need to shake your albuterol device just before each use. Keeping your inhaler clean is important to ensure you are receiving the medication. Clean the plastic actuator with the canister removed at least once a week. Your medicine comes with directions for properly cleaning your device. Follow all medication instructions very carefully. Do not allow a young child to use albuterol inhalation without help from an adult. The usual dose of albuterol inhalation is 2 inhalations every 4 to 6 hours. To prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm, use 2 inhalations 15 to 30 minutes before you exercise. The effects of albuterol inhalation should last about 4 to 6 hours.
You may be able to lessen some side effects of albuterol if you change the method in which you take the drug or the amount you take. You may also find that a different prescription asthma drug has fewer side effects for you. Albuterol is a type of drug called a short-acting bronchodilator. It provides relief from an asthma attack by relaxing the smooth muscles in your airways. It’s usually taken with a metered dose inhaler (ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, others), but it can also be inhaled with a device called a nebulizer or taken as a pill or liquid. Side effects of albuterol include nervousness or shakiness, headache, throat or nasal irritation, and muscle aches. More serious though less common side effects include a rapid heart rate (tachycardia) or feelings of fluttering or a pounding heart (palpitations).
Store the metered dose inhaler at room temperature with the mouthpiece down. Keep this drug at a temperature between 59°F and 77°F (15°C and 25°C). Keep it away from extreme heat or cold. Temperatures above 120°F (49°C) may cause the canister to burst. Don’t store this medication in moist or damp areas, such as bathrooms.
WHO SHOULD NOT USE ABUTEROL?
Albuterol may not be suitable for some people. Before using albuterol with a nebulizer, a person should make their doctor aware of any underlying health conditions to ensure this medication does not interact with them. It is especially important to notify a doctor about: heart disease, high blood pressure, seizures, hyperthyroidism, diabetes. If a person could have one of these conditions, they should ask a doctor to perform diagnostic tests to rule them out.
CAN PERSON GET ADDICTED TO ALBUTEROL?
A person cannot develop an addiction to albuterol. However, people may feel dependent on albuterol if their symptoms are severe. If this is the case, people should speak with a doctor about how to better control their symptoms. Some people need more than one type of medication to control asthma. Inhaling too much albuterol can cause: dry mouth,
Headache, nervousness, dizziness, fast heartbeat, chest pain, seizures. If someone has taken too much albuterol or experiences these symptoms after using it, they should call 911 or go straight to the emergency room.
Albuterol sulfate is a bronchodilator that expands the airways, allowing a person to breathe. Albuterol nebulizers allow people to inhale the medication as a mist. The medication can help manage the symptoms of conditions such as asthma and COPD. It is not an addictive medication, but people may feel dependent on their nebulizer if their symptoms are not well controlled. Always speak with a doctor before adjusting the dosage of albuterol.
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